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16 mai 2011

Fuctions from A to Z

 

Advice

I advise you to...

If I were you, I’d … (I'd = I would)

If I were in your shoes, I’d … (I'd = I would)

 (I think) you’d better … (you'd = you had)

If I were in your place, I'd…

If I were in your position, I'd…

It is advisable to …

I think you should …

The best thing for you to do is …

I think you must...

You'd better...

Your best bet is to..

Prohibition

It’s forbidden (to …)

It’s prohibited (to …)

It’s /you are not allowed (to …)

You can’t …

It's / you are not permitted to..

Opinion

          Asking for opinion

What do you think of...?

What's your opinion of/about...?

Do you think ….?

          Giving opinion

In my opinion...

I think / reckon / presume / gather / figure (that)...

I believe that...

I'd say that …

As I see it, ...

My point is...

My view is...

In my view …

For me…

To my mind…

It seems to me…

According to me …

I feel …

From my view point / point of view

Agreement

I agree. 

That is true.

Of course, yes.

(That's) True.

You bet.

You said it!

I agree with you that …

I couldn't agree more.

You are absolutely right.

That is a good point.

You've got a point.

I'll go along with that.

So we're agreed on that.

Agreed.

I see eye to eye with you.

Disagreement

I disagree.

I don’t agree.

(That's) Impossible.

I can't accept that.

You can't be serious.

Of course not.

Nonsense, Rubbish.

You can't mean it. 

I can’t agree …

I think you are mistaken.

I won’t accept that.

I don't see eye to eye with you

Partial Agreement

Yes, but ...  

I agree with you but …

That may be so, but ...

I partially agree with you.

I accept that, but ...

Aren’t you forgetting that ...

On the whole, yes.

I take your point, but...

I'm not sure about that.

Haven't you forgotten something?

Deduction / conclusion

You/he etc must …

This means…

If…., then it can…

Therefore…

It has to be…

It follows that

Request

Can you …, please?

Could you …, please?

Will / Would you …, please?

Would you...?

Would/ do you mind ___ing…?

May I …, please?

I'd be grateful / thankful if you could …

I wonder if you could (possibly)...

Apology

 

Apologizing:

Forgive me. 

I am so / really / terribly sorry. 

I can't tell you how sorry I am. 

I don't know what to say. 

I'd like to apologize.  

I do apologize.

Responding to an apology

Never mind.

That's ok.

Forget about it.

That's all right.

Don't worry about it.

Don't apologize.

No harm done.

I quite understand.

You couldn't help it.

 

Intention

 I am planning to...

I have decided to...

I intend to...

I have made up my mind to...

I am determined to ...

I mean to...

I plan to...

I propose to...

Obligation

You must…

You have to...

You should ...

You ought to …

It's is obligatory to …

It's compulsory…

You are obliged to...

You are to...

You've got to...

Blame

You are responsible for …

You are to blame.

It is your fault.

You must take the blame.

(Just) Look at what you have done.

You have only got yourself to blame.

You shouldn't / oughtn't to have done that.

 Release from blame

Never mind.

Don't worry.

It doesn't matter.

Forget (about) it.

You are not to blame.

It is not your fault.

You are not responsible for that.

It is not the end of the world.

 Congratulation

Congratulations.

I congratulate you on ...

Many happy returns.

Fantastic.

Well done.

Duty and Responsibility

You had better…

It’s your / my duty to…

You / I’ve got an obligation to…

I / you've got to….

I / You have a duty to…

I feel obliged to…

I can’t get out of it.

I’m responsible.

You will be liable for…

You have to answer for it.

Response to Good News

What great news!

How marvelous!

Wow!

Well done.

Awesome! (American)

I'm really pleased / glad / happy to hear that …

I am really delighted…

I cannot tell you how happy I am / was.

It gives me great pleasure to .

Response to bad news (sympathy).

How sad / terrible!

Poor thing!

Oh dear! I am sorry

I was so sorry to hear…

My deepest sympathy and condolences.

That’s bad luck.

What a pity!

Displeasure

How / it's terrible/ /horrible / awful!

I am disgusted / It's disgusting. 

I can't tell you how horrible it is.

I can’t tell you how angry I’m / was.

That’s boring.

I can't stand it.

 Anxiety

I'm (so / very) worried.

I'm (so / very) concerned.

I am / feel very anxious …

You'll be careful, won't you?

I hope nothing goes wrong.

Anything could have happened.

 Approval & Disapproval

          Approval

Well done.

I enjoyed /liked it.

I approve of ...

I have never seen/ heard/ tasted anything like this before.

Wonderful /Fantastic / great.

I think it's (lovely, gorgeous /marvelous, great...).

          Disapproval

How bad /terrible!

I disapprove of...

I didn't enjoy it.

I didn't like it.

Disapproved.

Certainty

 Certainly / Sure / Surely.

I'm (am) certain that ...

There is no doubt that...

No doubt.

I'm (am) sure that ...

My firm belief is that...

Suggestion

What about …

How about …

I suggest ...

Let's …

Why don't we …?

Why not...

Can we …?

Do you feel like...?

Have you ever thought of...?

Concession

 All right. Ok.

I can’t argue with that.

I give up.

If you say so.

You have got a point.

I (…) take your point.

There is no answer to that.

Probability

It's probable …

Perhaps. (…)

Maybe.

I guess / expect / suppose / presume …

I bet …

I dare say …

Probably. (…)

It's likely …

I / it may ...

I / it might ...

I / it could …

… will probably ...

Necessity & lack of necessity

          Necessity

I / you have to …

I / you've got to …

I /you must …

It's necessary …

             Lack of necessity

I / you don't need to …

I / you don't have to …

I / you needn't

Disappointment

Oh, no!

Oh, dear!

What a pity!

It’s / what a shame!

How disappointing!

I felt really let down.

I am / was so disappointed 

Preference

 I like … more than ...

I prefer …

I'd rather ... ( I'd= I would)

I would like to...

I feel like (__ing) ...

I fancy (__ing)...

I wouldn't mind (__ing)...

Surprise

 (Oh,) really? (Are you sure?)

I am surprised.

 It's / how amazing!

It's /how surprizing.

I'm surprised to (hear that.)

Good Heavens! Wonderful!

My goodness!

I am amazed to hear this

Clarification

          Asking for clarification

Would you elaborate on that, please?

Could you clarify more?

Excuse me. What (do you mean / did you say)?

Pardon me. Would / do you mind repeating that? 

I beg your pardon.  Could you say / repeat that please?

I’m sorry.  I didn’t get the ...

Sorry. I didn’t catch that / What did you say?  

          Giving Clarification

Let me explain! …

(What) I mean is…

What I’m trying to say is…

What I really meant was…

For example……

That is (to say) …

Do you understand..?

Did you catch that?

Is that clear now? 

Okay, so far?                                     

Did you get that?      

Got that / it?

Right?      

Indifference

So what!

Who cares?

I couldn’t care less.

It’s all the same to me.

I’m not interested.

What’s the point?

I’m easy. It doesn’t matter to me.

Promise

 

I promise to / that…

I will (…)

I shall …

You promised to….

You undertook to….

You agreed to…

A promise is a promise!

Refusal

No, thank you.

No, certainly not.

No way.

Never!

Heaven forbid.

Why should I?

Because I don’t want to...

 

 

 

Fillers: They are used in spoken English only.

Well, err …

Look!

Listen!

I mean...

You see...

Well, let me see...

If you see what I mean!

Picture this. 

Look here! 

All right!

Watch it! 

Is that clear enough for you?

Do you see what I mean?

I can't tell you off hand …

 

 

 

 

Posté par elkabous2011 à 19:48 - COMMUNICATION التواصل - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]

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